Averroes

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History

Abû-l-Walid Mohammad ibn Ahmâd ibn Rushd. Philosopher, poet, jurisconsult and astronomer. He was born in Córdoba in 1126, and died in Marrakech on December 10, 1198.

He was born into a distinguished family. He received a good education and learned the different sciences of the Islam Din -Koranic studies, Hadiz, Fiqh and other studies related to the intimate knowledge of the Islam. However, his major achievements, those that made him well-known, took place in the fields of medicine and philosophy. But the most important fact occurred in this first period is that he continued the legal tradition of his family, gaining a good reputation in his youth as a legal adviser thanks to his work Point of departure for the supreme jurist and point of arrival for the middle jurist.

He wrote many philosophical works and some of them were translated into Latin and spread to the West. When he died, he left a great legacy which was known as Averroism in Europe in the 13th century. With his introduction to the Caliph, he began a brilliant philosophical career. Additionally, this friendship allowed him to become judge of Seville in 1169, main judge of Córdoba in 1171, and court doctor in 1182.

When Abû Ya’kûb died, Ibn Rushd enjoyed the support and protection of his successor, Abû Yûsuf. Ibn Rushd was condemned in the Mosque by a vast majority of doctors, lost his honours and witnessed how his works were burned in the public square. He was found guilty of heresy and went into exile to Lucena, near Córdoba. His exile lasted for three years and then the caliph revoked the order and took him back to Marrakesh, where he died a few months later. His body was buried in the Tagazut cemetery, but it was moved to Córdoba later, to his family vault. According to Ibn Al-‘Arabî, when Averroes’ body was placed on a beast of burden, his works were introduced in the opposite side of the coffin to serve as a counterweight. The main points of his philosophy are clearly gathered in his famous Great Commentary on Aristotle, written in the second half of the 12th century.

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