Ibn firnas

  • 30 mètres carrés.
  • Tête de lit en bois de cèdre polychromé.
  • Miroir en bois de cèdre polychromé.
  • Patio privé.
  • Baignoire en fer fondu.
  • Armoire ancienne polychromée.
  • Salles de bain stuquées.


Abû-l-Kâsin ‘Abbâs ibn Firnâs ibn Wardâs. Poet, astrologer, alchemist and musician. He was born in Kûra de Tâkwrwnna (Ronda) at the beginning of 9th century, and was dead near to 887. He is one of the most odd and curious important figures in the first years of Al-Andalus. He was called Kakim Al-Andalus (wise man in Al-Andalus). Anyway, he is a spectacular example of the cultural development that took place in this land after the arrival of oriental ideas coming with the Muslims. Some historians tell that his lineage comes from North Africa, others from Andalusia – Christian family converted to Islam. The fact is that he was client of the Omeyas in Cordoba. He was a man of vast culture, he covered almost all disciplines, from literary creation to scientific investigation. According to Elias Terés, Ibn Firnas was a very astute man and specially gifted to pick up subtle concepts and the secrets of Fine Arts. He controlled the art of music, he was a sharp philosopher, mufliq poet, master in astrology, practised alchemy and had incredible physical skill, he stood out as a magician. He was one of the most important wise man of his time, because he made some valuable scientific discoveries, and at the same time, he invented some devices and apparatus very useful for the Andalusian people. Ibn Firnâs created a new formula to make crystal from mineral elements, which was developed in the furnaces of Cordoba. This discovery became vital for the glass industry in Al-Andalus. This man provided with the Renaissance spirit built at his home what can be regarded as the first planetarium in world’s history. It consisted of a room where constellations, stars and atmospheric phenomenon were represented. The apparition of clouds, lightings and thunders in the room struck the visitor. Using his knowledge in astrology and with an innovative technique, he designed a water-clock called ‘clepsidra’, provided with mobile automaton, which could tell the hour even in cloudy days and nights. He was the first one in the Iberian Peninsula that used the astronomic table of Sinhind, from Indian origin, that was basic for the European scientific development. He made the first armilar sphere in Europe (for astrologic calculations), and he was the first in Al-Andalus in deciphering the Arabic metric treatise of the famous philosopher Jalîl. But one of the most interesting experiments he carried out was that of imitating Icaro and Dedalo in their attempt to fly. He dressed up with a silk dress covered with feathers, and adjusted a pair of wings to his arms. Ibn Firnâs jumped from Ruzzafa tower, in Cordoba, helped with a mechanism, and gliding covered some distance until he fell violently to the ground. He brought forward this attempt 600 years before Leonardo da Vinci. Due to that, he is considered one of the precursors of aviation. Because of these practises, and especially for his studies in occult science, some alfaquies people accused him of heterodoxy, they doubted about the veracity of his beliefs. He was the first important andalusian scientific in Al-Andalus. During the Emirate, science and technology began to develop the use of paper, use of Arabic figures or numbers, the first known apparition of the compass, etc. At the same time, a lot of new plants foreign to the occidental world were brought to the peninsula, such as sugar, spinach, aubergine, artichoke, watermelon, apricot, rice, lemon tree, etc. Georges Sarton, a significant historian, considers Al-Andalus as the most important cultural centre in the world during Middle Ages. Christians and Jewish people had a strong scientific dependence from the Muslim and Arabic people.